1 首先收集你感兴趣的领域的文献，可以是review,也可以是empirical studies。了解该领域目前的研究现状。进行归纳总结。记录你认为值得进一步研究的问题或者方向。
2 refine your question。
Research Question Checklist:
Is my RQ something that I am curious about and that others might care about? Does it present an issue on which I can take a stand?
Does my RQ put a new spin on an old issue, or does it try to solve a problem?
Is my RQ too broad, too narrow, or OK?
Is my RQ researchable… o …within the time frame of the assignment? o …given the resources available at my location?
Is my RQ measurable? What type of information do I need? Can I find actual data to support or contradict a position?
What sources will have the type of information that I need to answer my RQ (journals, books, internet resources, government documents, interviews with people)?